The Knowledge Illusion

书名:The Knowledge IllusionWhyWeNeverThinkAlone
豆瓣评分: 8.1


Humans have built hugely complex societies and technologies, but most of us don’t even know how a pen or a toilet works. How have we achieved so much despite understanding so little? Cognitive scientists Steven Sloman and Philip Fernbach argue that we survive and thrive despite our mental shortcomings because we live in a rich community of knowledge. The key to our intelligence lies in the people and things around us. We’re constantly drawing on information and expertise stored outside our heads: in our bodies, our environment, our possessions, and the community with which we interact—and usually we don’t even realize we’re doing it. The human mind is both brilliant and pathetic. We have mastered fire, created democratic institutions, stood on the moon, and sequenced our genome. And yet each of us is error prone, sometimes irrational, and often ignorant. The fundamentally communal nature of intelligence and knowledge explains why we often assume we know more than we really do, why political opinions and false beliefs are so hard to change, and why individually oriented approaches to education and management frequently fail. But our collaborative minds also enable us to do amazing things. This book contends that true genius can be found in the ways we create intelligence using the world around us.


Steven Sloman is a professor of cognitive, linguistic, and psychological sciences at Brown University. He is the editor in chief of the journal Cognition. He lives with his wife in Providence, Rhode Island. His two children have flown the coop.

Philip Fernbach is a cognitive scientist and professor of marketing at the University of Colorado’s Leeds School of Business. He lives in Boulder, Colorado, with his wife and two children.


@ 马尔喀什小薄荷 其实只读首两章或最后的结论已经足够。作者解答了人为什么会有知识错觉后,本来期望他会结合这两三个因素,继续扩展范围或往下探索更深层的原因,或起码更宏观地展现整个脉络。可惜什么都没有,他只是不断重复那几个因素在不同领域的体现,内容相当琐碎,一直只是作同一层次的水平移动,没有任何纵深的探索。整个就是一般畅销书的写作手法。读到一半已感相当乏味,内容耳熟能详并不要紧,只要crossover做得好,手上的材料运用得当,老套也能产出新意。这本书最大问题是,内容太中规中矩,没有创见也缺乏启发性。若然你已经读过类似内容的书籍,就不要浪费时间读这本书了。


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